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Refrigeration System: Air Cooled or Water Cooled?

Refrigeration System: Air Cooled or Water Cooled?

Typically, there are 3 types of cooling method of refrigeration systems: Air cooling, Water cooling and hybrid. They are heat exchange part that have the same goal of cool down the refrigerant.

Earlier times, smaller system use air cooling, larger system use water cooling. However, due to technological advancements, larger systems with air cooling and hybrid cooling (also refer to evaporative cooling) are starting to be developed and implemented. This because of the installation convenience, portability and cost: Water cooling system is a bit complex and cost higher than air cooling. It needs cooling tower, water pump and other accessories.

Air Cooled Condenser

Air Cooled Condenser

Air Cooled System

Working: Air cooled systems remove heat by force push air through the condenser. While air flows, it takes away the heat.

Advantage: Air cooled condenser installation is convenient and flexible. Whether indoor or outdoor install, it needs only several minutes. Also, due to the installation not request water, so it perfect fits areas where lack of water.

Disadvantage: The air cooled system influence by ambient temperature a lot. Especially in tropical areas, an air cooled system efficiency is quite low. Once the ambient temperature higher than 40C, the refrigeration system may high pressure alarm and stop working.

Water Cooled Condenser And Cooling Tower

Water Cooled Condenser And Cooling Tower

Water Cooled System

Working: Water cooled systems remove heat by apply water on refrigerant coils surface. While water flows, it takes away the heat.

Advantage: Water cooled condenser is very high efficiency, it can always guarantee the refrigeration system stable working.

Disadvantage: Installation need a couple of hours and the system is a bit complex. Since it’s working need constant water supply, so, a water supplement system need work at anytime.

Evaporative Cooling Condenser

Evaporative Cooling Condenser

Hybrid Cooling System

Working: Hybrid cooling system also refers to evaporative cooling, is the combination of air cooled system and water cooled system. The heat removes by air and water flows through refrigerant coils, dissipate heat.

Advantage: Extremely high efficiency and flexible of use. In hot summer, both air and water cooled system will work to increase the efficiency. In cold winter, water cooled system can manual close, only use air cooling can satisfy cooling demand.

Disadvantage: Since it has many parts, the system cost is higher, complex structure and need regular maintenance.

To select the correct cooling method, need comprehensive consider local environment and user actual condition. If you are not sure which cooling method is suitable, please feel free contact us.

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